WET SPONGE HOLIDAY DETECTOR
The Model M/1 Holiday Detector is a highly sensitive device designed to locate holidays (pin holes, voids, etc.) in thin film protective coatings of relatively high electrical resistance when such films are applied to the surface of material of low electrical resistance. In these applications, such as painted metal surfaces, the Model M/1 Holiday Detector will locate these points very accurately with an audible and visual signal. This method of inspection of thin film is a non-destructive test and will not injure the protective coating.
The Model M/1 Holiday Detector consists of a portable battery powered electronic instrument, a non-conductive handle w/sponge holder, open cell sponge (ships compressed, will expand with water) and ground wire. The instrument is housed in a sturdy plastic case with provision for attachment to the operator’s belt.
The detector is a “non-destructive wet sponge” type holiday detector. The basic electronic design of the Model M/1 Holiday Detector is that of a very sensitive circuit which is energized by six “AA” batteries. When current of 500 or 700 (+/- 10/%) micro-amperes flows in the circuit, an audible and visual signal is actuated.
NOTE: The Model M/1 has a running tone which is similar to the audible alert of a holiday, but is lower decibels. The running tone is used to inform the operator that the instrument is powered On.
The test lead wire used in the wand handle and ground wire is capable of handling a minimum of 100 milliamps at 100 volts. If replacement or additional wire is needed, make sure it meets these requirements. Up to 200’ length of ground wire does not adversely affect the detectors operation, in most cases. If adding additional ground wire, 14 AWG stranded or equivalent is recommended.
The exploring electrode is open-cell sponge material and is conductive when saturated with a wetting solution. The sponge electrode is attached to the non-conductive wand handle by means of the bolt with knob, plastic sponge holder and backing plate.
The wetting solution should consist of potable tap water and a wetting agent. The ratio of one (1) ounce agent to one (1) gallon tap water is recommended. Tinker & Rasor WATER-WETTER© is a non-sudsing wetting agent, available in 8 oz. bottles, factory direct or through stocking distributors.
RECOMMENDED TESTING PROCEDURES
PRE-ELECTRICAL TEST PROCEDURES
The protective coatings should be dry and free of all contamination prior to electrical holiday testing. Proper curing and drying time of the protective coating must be established prior to conducting electrical holiday testing.
Note: Solvents retained in the protective coating film can cause erroneous indications (false
holidays) during electrical testing.
The dry film thickness should not exceed 20 mils when electrical holiday testing is done with the low voltage Model M/1SHoliday Detector. Film thickness should be determined with a nondestructive dry film thickness gauge to make sure limits are not exceeded.
Special Note: Ordinary tap water will generally suffice to dampen the sponge electrode,
provided the protective coating thickness does not exceed 10 mils. The factory
recommended practice is to use a wetting agent at all times, regardless of coating
thickness to 20 mils.
Check battery voltage. This can be done by shorting the terminals of the holiday detector. If a steady, level audible signal is heard, the battery voltage is OK. If the audible signal starts to attenuate while testing, REPLACE battery.
Note: A battery output voltage drop of over 10% also indicates weak battery.
HOLIDAY DETECTOR ASSEMBLY
Assemble the Holiday Detector by connecting the wire leading from the handle to one terminal of the detector and the plain end of the ground wire to the other detector terminal. Connect the saturated (see below) electrode by means of the metal clamp on the end of wand handle.
ELECTRICAL TESTING PROCEDURES
The sponge electrode should contain sufficient amount of wetting solution to assure moisture penetration from the sponge electrode into any defect that may be present in the protective coating. Excess wetting solution should be squeezed out of the sponge electrode.
Attach ground wire directly to the bare structure (substrate) under test. On coated steel structures the ground wire must be directly connected to the bare metal.
On coated concrete structures the ground wire should be connected directly to the reinforcing steel embedded in the concrete. If rebar is not present, a ground connection to the concrete can be made by placing the bare end of the ground wire against the bare concrete surface and anchor it down with a burlap bag filled with damp sand.
The ground wire can be checked quickly for proper connection by contacting the wetted sponge
electrode to the bare structure and observing an audible signal, indicating correct electrical
continuity of the holiday detector circuit.
The rate of inspection speed of the sponge electrode over the protective coated surface should not
exceed sixty (60) linear feet per minute. Using a double stroke of the sponge electrode over each
area assures better inspection coverage with less likelihood of any missed areas.
Factory calibration on Model M/1S Holiday Detectors is set at 700 micro-amperes (+/- 10%) of
current flow to complete the circuit for the audible signal to indicate a coating holiday on metal
substrates. For coatings on concrete substrates, the Model M/1S must be adjusted for current flow
of 500 micro-amperes (+/- 10%).
ADJUSTMENT OF SIGNAL SYSTEM
Model M/1 Holiday Detectors with mechanical relays, the sensitivity may be changed by adjustment of the armature contacts. The signal sensitivity is determined by the setting of the electronic relay. Turning the adjusting screw of the potentiometer clockwise REDUCES the sensitivity and turning counterclockwise INCREASES the sensitivity. Factory setting of the sensitivity is made by having the relay just close when 80,000 ohms is across the external terminals which is the proper setting for use on coated metal substrates. For concrete substrates the sensitivity would be adjusted with a 90,000 ohm resistor.
Model M/1 Holiday Detectors, Serial Number 10181 and higher FACTORY calibration can be verified by simply depressing push buttons on the front of the instrument.
Depress BLACK button (80K); Detector should signal and LED will light if detector is in calibration.
Depress RED button (90K): Detector should NOT signal and LED will NOT light if detector is in calibration.
If the detector signals when RED button (90K) is depressed, the unit is not in calibration and should be FACTORY calibrated prior to use.
To check for proper calibration of the detector for use on concrete substrates simply verify unit is properly FACTORY calibrated at 80,000 ohms and then remove the small jumper wire inside the red cover side of the detector.
NOTE: The 80k ohm and 90k ohm internal resistors used for the internal calibration test stated above have an accuracy of at least +/- 5%.
Holiday Detectors returned to the factory for repairs should be sent TRANSPORTATION PREPAID.
In most cases the detector can be repaired and returned the same day it is received at the factory.
WHEN ORDERING PARTS FOR YOUR DETECTOR OR REQUESTING FURTHER
INFORMATION ALWAYS GIVE THE DETECTOR’S SERIAL NUMBER.
MODEL M/1 INFORMATION BULLETIN
The electrical holiday detector commonly used for inspection for brushed, sprayed or dip-applied protective coatings is considered a non-destructive device with a source of less than 75 volts applied to the coatings using an electrode consisting of a cellulose sponge dampened with an electrically conductive liquid such as tap water. The electrode pushes a film of liquid over the surface and when a holiday is encountered, current will flow through the liquid to the metal. An audible indicator is used to signal coating defects.
Recommended points to be included in a specification for the electrical inspection of thin film coating with the so-called “non-destructive” type holiday detector, Tinker & Rasor Model M/1 are:
The voltage between the electrode (sponge) and the metal surface upon which the coatings lies should not exceed 75 volts measured between the electrode sponge and the coated metal when the detector is in it’s normal operating position.
An electrical connection must be made from the detector to some bare spot on the metal structure to be coated.
The holiday detector should be equipped with an audible signal which is responsive to high current flows between electrode and the metal surface.
The coated surface should be dry prior to making the inspection and if the surface is in an environment where electrolytes might form on the surface such as salt spray, the coated surface should be washed with fresh water and allowed to dry.
The consensus of the industry is that ordinary tap water will suffice to wet the sponge electrode when this type of electrical holiday inspection is conducted on protective coatings up to 10 mils in thickness. On film thickness between 10 and 20 mils a non-sudsing type wetting agent added to the water is recommended. This allows for faster penetration of the liquid into pinhole defects. A wetting agent such as TINKER & RASOR’S “WATER-WETTER” is an excellent product for this purpose. Available in 8 ounce size bottle.
It is further agreed that this type holiday detector is not satisfactory for inspection of protective coatings over 20 mils in thickness and completely ineffective on prefabricated coatings such as PVC, etc.
An electrical holiday detector should be used at the time the coating is applied. The holiday detector should never be used to evaluate the quality or usefulness of a coating and should be used only as an aid in the application of the coating. When the detector is used at the time of application, holidays can be readily located and repaired. The detector not only locates holidays, but it enables the applicator to develop techniques of better application.